Theoretical Grammar тест для ИЯ -3

20 Февраль 2014 →

Theoretical Grammar

VARIANT I

The aim of practical grammar is

a) the description of grammar rules that are necessary to understand and formulate sentences

b) the description of the language phenomena in general

c) to offer explanation for grammar rules that are necessary to understand and formulate sentences

d) to explain all the grammar rules by using some special practical and theoretical methods and approaches

Choose the type of meaning. The relation between a unit and an object in the world around us (objective reality)

a) syntactic

b) semantic

c) pragmatic

d) referential

What are the main functions of any human language?

a) descriptive and communicative

b) descriptive and expressive

c) expressive and representative

d) communicative and expressive

What are the level units of the syntactical level?

a) word and sentence

b) word and morpheme

c) morpheme and phoneme

d) word-group and sentence

The phonological level unit is

a) the word

b) the text

c) the phoneme

d) the morpheme

Linguistic unit can enter into relations of two different kinds:

a) paradigmatic and syntagmatic

b) semantic and syntagmatic

c) formal and functional

d) coordinate and subordinate

Three types of syntagmatic relations are:

a) semantic, formal, functional

b) coordinate, subordinate, predicative

c) semantic, syntagmatic, subordinate

d) formal, functional, predicative

Functional paradigmatic relations are based on

a) the similarity of forms

b) the similarity of function

c) the similarity of meaning

d) the similarity of linguistic units

Word is … unit of language

a) expressive and nominative

b) informative and meaningful

c) naming and communicative

d) dependent and functional

Choose the analytical language

a) Latin

b) Ukrainian

c) English

d) Russian

What are “signemes”?

a) the sentence units

b) the meaningful units

c) the non-meaningful units

d) the speech units

What is the lowest level of lingual units?

a) phonemic

b) morphemic

c) lexemic

d) denotemic

Segmental units of language form … levels

a) 3

b) 4

c) 5

d) 6

What three constituent parts does language incorporate?

a) the phonological system, the lexical system, the grammatical system

b) the phonological system, the morphological system, the grammatical system

c) the phonological system, the semantic system, the grammatical system

d) the phonological system, the linguistic system, the grammatical system

Language is …

a) a system of special signs

b) a diachronic system of meaningful elements

c) a synchronic system of meaningless elements

d) a system of rules

What meanings does the word combine in its semantic structure?

Grammatical and notional

Distributional and grammatical

Lexical and grammatical

Lexical and functional

The grammatical meaning may be:

Explicit and implicit

General and dependent

Dependent and independent

Declinable and indeclinable

What grammatical meaning does the class of nouns have?

Qualitativeness

Thingness

Adverbiality

Verbiality

To the type of significational categories belong:

Time and quantity

Number and tense

Tense and time

Mood and degree

Transposition is:

The relation between two grammatical forms differing in meaning and external signs

The use of the types of grammatical meaning

The use of a linguistic unit in an unusual environment or in the function that is not characteristic of it

The relation between two different grammatical categories

One of the most controversial problems in modern linguistics is:

The problem of word classification into grammatical categories

The problem of word classification into parts of speech

The problem of word classification into types of grammatical meaning

The problem of word classification into singular and plural forms

How many approaches are there to the problem of parts of speech?

5

2

3

4

What approach to the problem of parts of speech is based on Latin grammar?

Classical

Functional

Complex

Distributional

Who was the author of a new approach to the problem of parts of speech?

C. Fries

L. Sapir

H. Sweet

A. Mayer

When characterizing any part of speech we are to describe:

Its derivational features

Its morphological peculiarities, derivational and notional features

Its semantics, morphological features and syntactic peculiarities

Theoretical Grammar

VARIANT II

The aim of theoretical grammar is

a) the description of grammar rules that are necessary to understand and formulate sentences

b) the description of the language phenomena in general

c) to offer explanation for grammar rules that are necessary to understand and formulate sentences

d) to describe all the grammar rules by using some special practical and theoretical methods and approaches

Choose the type of meaning. The relation between a unit and other units (inner relations between units)

a) syntactic

b) semantic

c) pragmatic

d) referential

Choose the type of meaning. The relation between a unit and a person who uses it

a) syntactic

b) semantic

c) pragmatic

d) referential

What are the level units of the morphological level?

a) word and sentence

b) word and morpheme

c) morpheme and phoneme

d) word-group and sentence

The supersyntactical level unit is

a) the word

b) the text

c) the phoneme

d) the morpheme

Three types of paradigmatic relations:

a) semantic, formal, functional

b) coordinate, subordinate, predicative

c) semantic, syntagmatic, subordinate

d) formal, functional, predicative

Semantic paradigmatic relations are based on:

a) the similarity of forms

b) the similarity of function

c) the similarity of meaning

d) the similarity of linguistic units

Formal paradigmatic relations are based on

a) the similarity of forms

b) the similarity of function

c) the similarity of meaning

d) the similarity of linguistic units

Indo-European languages are classified into two structural types:

a) formal and functional

b) synthetic and semantic

c) semantic and analytic

d) synthetic and analytic

Word is the main unit of

a) morphology

b) phonology

c) syntactics

d) phonetics

What are “cortemes”?

a) the language units

b) the meaningful units

c) the non-meaningful units

d) the speech units

What is the second level of lingual units?

a) phonemic

b) morphemic

c) lexemic

d) denotemic

Segmental units consist of

a) phonemes

b) lexemes

c) morphemes

d) morphs

Choose the right statement. Supersigmantal units …

a) are not realized with segmental units

b) can exist by themselves

c) express different modificational meanings reflected on the strings of segmental units

d) form a hierarchy of levels

Speech is …

a) a system of special signs

b) a diachronic system of meaningful elements



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