Текст о лошадях на английском

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текст о лошадях на английском

  • The man learned about the origin of the horse and its evolution over the bones . More than 60 million years ago there was a primitive forerunner of the horse - barilyambda . On a horse , it almost does not look like . Thick, longer than two meters barilyambda slowly moved on short legs, ending five fingers with hoof- claws. She ate shrubs and grasses.

    Soon enterprising person starts to tame the horse . Scientists believe that the domestication of the horse may have started in Central Asia about 5 million years ago. Then it spread across the continent , and the horse began to be used on the battlefield and as a beast of burden . It was an integral part of human existence until the beginning of the technical revolution. The first who tried to tame the horse probably were nomadic Asian steppes. There were catching wild horses and bred in captivity. Connie helped drive the cattle , they were harnessed to carts, used as draft animals .Unlike the awkward barilyambdy modern domesticated horse - fast , hardy animal . Each of the 252 bones bear some burden . The bones of the legs are adapted for fast running . The ribs protect the organs, but do not interfere with movement and breathing. Set the lumbar and thoracic vertebrae enables bend sideways to dramatically change the direction of running . Seven long cervical vertebrae allow low stoop to terrestrial plants to water and high lift his head to the foliage of the trees and all that fast , reliable. Granite not stand the pressure that will stand bones of a horse .
    In the description of the horse is almost always called the suit first and then the other distinctive features, if any ( the marks on the head and legs , color mane , tail and hooves ) . Color of the horse is a combination of many genes , they depend on a variety of types of pigmentation. These genes are inherited, are enclosed in pairs of chromosomes in the modern horse 64 chromosomes , half of which is inherited from the father and half - from the mother.
    Over the millennia , that person is connected with the horse , he sought by breeding new varieties to develop her desirable qualities . In some species it was the size and strength , while others - speed. Breed - this is not an arbitrary term , the category of horses , which have a pedigree stud book . In the studbooks are made with the most suitable parents , according to experts , breeders , characteristics. For the most pure breeds to a successor , the ancestors must be registered members of the breed. Breeds and types of horses and ponies are usually displayed within a relatively small geographic areas , and the characteristics of the animals have adapted to the specific needs of the local population .

  • The word "horse" Eastern Slavs borrowed from Turkic riders , it sounded like " Allauch ." Turkic tribes roamed in the South Russian steppes and close touch with the Slavs Dnieper . The
    words "horse" , " mare ", " stallion " pure Slavic origin , they are
    found in many Slavic languages ​​and its roots date back to the
    Indo-European proto-language .

    The man learned about the origin of the horse and its evolution over the bones . More than 60 million years ago there was a primitive forerunner of the horse - barilyambda . On a horse , it almost does not look like . Thick, longer than two meters barilyambda slowly moved on short legs, ending five fingers with hoof- claws. She ate shrubs and grasses.

    Soon enterprising person starts to tame the horse . Scientists believe that the domestication of the horse may have started in Central Asia about 5 million years ago. Then it spread across the continent , and the horse began to be used on the battlefield and as a beast of burden . It was an integral part of human existence until the beginning of the technical revolution. The first who tried to tame the horse probably were nomadic Asian steppes. There were catching wild horses and bred in captivity. Connie helped drive the cattle , they were harnessed to carts, used as draft animals .
    Unlike the awkward barilyambdy modern domesticated horse - fast , hardy animal . Each of the 252 bones bear some burden . The bones of the legs are adapted for fast running . The ribs protect the organs, but do not interfere with movement and breathing. Set the lumbar and thoracic vertebrae enables bend sideways to dramatically change the direction of running . Seven
    long cervical vertebrae allow low stoop to terrestrial plants to water
    and high lift his head to the foliage of the trees and all that fast ,
    reliable. Granite not stand the pressure that will stand bones of a horse .

    In
    the description of the horse is almost always called the suit first and
    then the other distinctive features, if any ( the marks on the head and
    legs , color mane , tail and hooves ) . Color of the horse is a combination of many genes , they depend on a variety of types of pigmentation. These
    genes are inherited, are enclosed in pairs of chromosomes in the modern
    horse 64 chromosomes , half of which is inherited from the father and
    half - from the mother.

    Over
    the millennia , that person is connected with the horse , he sought by
    breeding new varieties to develop her desirable qualities . In some species it was the size and strength , while others - speed. Breed - this is not an arbitrary term , the category of horses , which have a pedigree stud book . In the studbooks are made with the most suitable parents , according to experts , breeders , characteristics. For the most pure breeds to a successor , the ancestors must be registered members of the breed. Breeds
    and types of horses and ponies are usually displayed within a
    relatively small geographic areas , and the characteristics of the
    animals have adapted to the specific needs of the local population .

    In Russia, the first state stud farm was established near Moscow at the end of the XV century.




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