Ребята помогите пожалуйста! Мне очень нужна информация о Генрихе I на английском языке! Срочно! Пожалуйста не много, кратко. 26 ноября 2013 года сдав

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Ребята помогите пожалуйста! Мне очень нужна информация о Генрихе I на английском языке! Срочно! Пожалуйста не  много, кратко. 26 ноября 2013 года сдавать! Нужна помощь! ЗАРАНЕЕ ОГРОМНОЕ СПАСИБО!!!

  • Henry was the youngest son of the King of England by William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders . He was born sometime between May 1068 and May 1069 in Yorkshire, thus becoming the only son of William I, born in England after the Norman Conquest . [4] Your name young prince was in honor of the French king Henry I. According to the customs of the time , Henry , as the youngest in the family, the church was originally prepared for careers than , probably due more thorough education , compared to his older brothers Robert and William . According to William of Malmesbury , Henry once said that the king is like an uneducated donkey in the crown . [4] Obviously, he was the first King of England after the conquest , who owned the Anglo-Saxon language. However, accurate data about teachers Henry and places where he was educated , not, therefore, probably medieval chroniclers delight in the level of education of the future king were greatly exaggerated . [5]Before his death in 1087 , William the Conqueror divided his possessions between the two older sons : Robert Kurtgez received Normandy and William Rufus - England. Henry he bequeathed only 5000 pounds of silver , which, however , made ​​the young prince, one of the richest aristocrats of England . [6] He soon for 3000 pounds purchased from Duke Robert Cotentin peninsula and the region of Avranches . This allowed Henry to play an important role in the ongoing 1090 -ies between older brothers fight for the unification of hereditary possessions of William the Conqueror . [7] In 1090 Henry supported Duke Robert against William Rufus and participated in the brutal suppression of the uprising of citizens of Rouen, but the following year, when the king of England , landed in Normandy, took the side of the latter. Soon, however , William and Robert reconciled and turned their forces against Henry . Older brothers troops invaded the Cotentin and drove out Henry . Abandoned by all , he retired in the Vexin and lived there for several years almost in poverty. According to legend, he remained faithful to only three people : the priest , knight and squire , who left with him . [8] Later, Henry was able to come to terms with his brothers , and he returned to England . In 1094 with the support of William Henry again conquered a significant portion of Cotentin , despite resistance from other large Norman barons , led by Robert Belleme .
  • Henry I (1 December 1135), also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to 1135. Henry was the fourth son of William the Conqueror and was educated in Latin and the liberal arts. On William's death in 1087, Henry's older brothers William Rufus and Robert Curthose inherited England and Normandy respectively, but Henry was left landless. Henry purchased the County of Cotentin in western Normandy from Robert, but William and Robert deposed him in 1091. Henry gradually rebuilt his power base in the Cotentin and allied himself with William against Robert. Henry was present when William died in a hunting accident in 1100, and he seized the English throne, promising at his coronation to correct many of William's less popular policies. Henry married Matilda of Scotland but continued to have a large number of mistresses, by whom he had many illegitimate children.Robert, who invaded in 1101, disputed Henry's control of England. This military campaign ended in a negotiated settlement that confirmed Henry as king. The peace was short-lived, and Henry invaded the Duchy of Normandy in 1105 and 1106, finally defeating Robert at the Battle of Tinchebray. Henry kept Robert imprisoned for the rest of his life. Henry's control of Normandy was challenged by Louis VI of France, Baldwin of Flanders and Fulk of Anjou, who promoted the rival claims of Robert's son, William Clito, and supported a major rebellion in the Duchy between 1116 and 1119. Following Henry's victory at the Battle of Brémule, a favourable peace settlement was agreed with Louis in 1120.Considered by contemporaries to be a harsh but effective ruler, Henry skilfully manipulated the barons in England and Normandy. In England, he drew on the existing Anglo-Saxon system of justice, local government and taxation, but also strengthened it with additional institutions, including the royal exchequer and itinerant justices. Normandy was also governed through a growing system of justices and an exchequer. Many of the officials that ran Henry's system were "new men," relatively low-born individuals who rose through the ranks as administrators. Henry encouraged ecclesiastical reform, but became embroiled in a serious dispute in 1101 with Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury, which was resolved through a compromise solution in 1105. He supported the Cluniac order and played a major role in the selection of the senior clergy in England and Normandy.Henry's only legitimate son and heir, William Adelin, drowned in the White Ship disaster of 1120, throwing the royal succession into doubt. Henry took a second wife, Adeliza, in the hope of having another son, but their marriage was childless. In response to this, Henry declared his daughter, Matilda, as his heir and married her to Geoffrey of Anjou. Relationships between Henry and the couple became strained, and fighting broke out along the border with Anjou. Henry died on 1 December 1135 after a week of illness. Despite his plans for Matilda, the King was succeeded by his nephew, Stephen of Blois, resulting in a period of civil war known as the Anarchy.

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